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Fabric, Drapery, Upholstery
- Sheeting with a minimum of 180 thread count.
- Thread Count
- Number of threads vertically and horizontally per square inch of cloth. The
higher the thread count the smoother and stronger the sheet.
- Woven with multiple warp (lengthwise) thread over top of weft (widthwise)
thread to produce a silky lustrous sheen with a beautiful hand.
- Egyptian Cotton
- Cotton grown in Egypt with long staples (fibers) to produce the silkiest and
strongest cotton available.
- Pima Cotton
- Similar to Egyptian cotton, grown in the southern U.S.A. staples not quite as
long as Egyptian Cotton.
- Combed Cotton
- Cotton that has short fibers and impurities removed.
- Mercerized Cotton
- A process that has been used to increase strength and colour saturation of
- A cotton or cotton blend fabric woven to produce a slightly quilted or pique
- An elaborate woven design done on a Jacquard loom. The use of punch cards to
produce patterns allows for a great variety of patterns and colours to be woven.
- This luxurious wool comes from the Cashmere Goat living high in the mountains
of Tibet and China. The cold weather helps to creat a silky undercoat of wool which is spun into one of the
softest silkiest fibers imaginable.
- This wool comes from the Merino Sheep, originally European but now farmed
mostly in Australia. The wool is delicate but very resilient making it ideal for warm long lasting blankets.
- Literally, the strongest of all the natural fibers, it also has a deep luster
making it a natural choice for table linens. A cool touch makes it a superb summer bed sheet. It is also a lint
free fiber making it ideal for dish towels.
Fabrics, Drapery, Upholstery
- Extra given to width of finished curtain to allow for
“springback” that naturally occurs, especially in pleated drapes.
- A style of curtain, usually in sheer or lace where there is gathering
up the length as well as across the width.
- Balloon Shade
- A shade with gathering in the width that can be pulled up or
- Box Pleat
- A flat, unpinched pleat in the heading of the drape.
- Butterfly Pleat
- A pleat that is tacked at the bottom end and flares out and is tacked
down at the top.
- The piece of hardware, usually metal that holds the curtain rod in
- Side pieces to swags that fall in zigzagging folds down the sides of
- Fabric that is more opaque that sheers but more open that solid
fabrics, usually with a texture.
- A box-like structure, often decorative to hide the top heading of a
drape or curtain.
- Finished Length
- The final length of drape after hems and headings are done.
- Finished width
- The final width of drape including give/ease and returns.
- The proportion of the amount of fabric used to the finished width.
i.e.. sheers are usually triple full whereas lined drapes are often 2.5:1 fullness.
- A heading that is finished by pulling on strings in a heading tape to
create a ruffled/gathered look.
- The top end of the drape, usually containing a stiffener that is
usually pleated or gathered.
- A fabric, usually soft, sewn between the regular lining and the face
fabric to provide more bulk and insulation. Recommended for silk draperies to provide more protection from the
- Inside mount
- Drapes that are installed above and over the sides of the window
- Outside mount
- Curtains or blinds that are installed inside the frame of the
- Pattern repeat
- The distance between a given point in the pattern and the point where
the pattern starts again.
- Pinch pleats
- Pleats that are divided into two or three smaller pleats and sewn
together at the bottom.
- Most fabrics have the pattern running up and down with selvedges at
the side. Railroaded fabrics are turned so that the pattern runs up and down with selvedges at the top and bottom.
Often used in upholstery.
- Distance from the front of the drapery to the wall.
- Rod pocket
- Drapes with a hollow sleeve at the top and sometimes at the bottom to
allow a rod to slide through for gathered treatments.
- Roman shade
- A fabric shade that goes up and down in a series of folds.
- Traverse rod
- A rod that uses a cord to open and close the drape.
- A top treatment used by itself or over draperies to hide hardware and
as a decorative feature.
- Used for artificial silks dry clean only.
- Lightweight, soft synthetic polymer.
- Antique satin
- Reasonably priced fabric with a silk look, usually made with
rayon and acetates. Very popular.
- A sheer fabric slightly more opaque than a voile.
- Blackout lining
- A heavier lining used to create a more opaque curtain.
- French for curled, indicates a fabric with a curled or loopy
- Rich jacquard with all over interwoven design of raised
figures or flowers. Usually silk or silk-like fabrics.
- Glazed cotton, often with bright floral prints.
- Similar to brocade but flatter and reversible.
- Textured silk, real or synthetic.
- Plain ribbed fabric.
- Linen Union
- A cotton-linen blend, very durable.
- Madras cotton
- Lightweight cotton from India woven often in check or plaid
- Wool from the Angora goat, used in fabrics and woven into
- A pattern finish given to cottons or cotton blends to
simulate a watermark.
- Remarkably strong fiber made from polymers of petroleum ,
natural gas and water.
- A synthetic with good draping qualities.
- Similar texture to silk, part synthetic, part
- A randomly textured silk.
- A fine, plain fabric, smooth on both sides with some
- A heavy, upholstery weight fabric imitating hand-sewn
- A striped cotton, often used for covering mattresses and
- Cloth with short cut piles that stand close together giving
an even surface.
- A fine, sheer fabric usually made of polyester.
- The yarns which run vertically down the roll of
- The yarns which run across the roll of fabric.
- Fabric made of twisted yarns, usually wool.